ARPA is the world’s largest tropical forest protection initiative. Its goal is to conserve and promote the sustainable use of 60 million hectares – 12% of the Amazon region – by 2018. Funbio manages the financial resources, procures goods and services for the protected areas, and manages the assets from the Protected Areas Fund. In its second phase (2010-2015), Arpa will support the creation of 13.5 million more hectares of protected areas and consolidate around 32 million hectares. ARPA is currently supporting the consolidation of 95 protected areas in the Amazon and the creation of a further 20 by supporting the drafting of management plans, the formation of management boards, boundary demarcation and land tenure arrangement, the supply of amenities and infrastructure, and covering recurring costs such as fuel, materials, and low-cost local services. In 2013 ARPA selected 12 Sustainable Action Plans and two Indigenous People’s Action Plans for the implementation of community projects in the protected areas buffer zones. It also finished three preliminary environmental assessments, one preliminary socioenvironmental assessment, and one public consultation process for the creation of protected areas. The investments for 2013 include funding for the following activities: preparation of management plans; holding of meetings of the management councilsof protected areas; activities addressingboundary demarcation and land tenure issues;preparation and implementation of protection plans; and acquisition of basic equipment for the management of the protected areas. Click here to access the latest rendering of accounts The program was structured in three phases interdependent and continuous to be executed sequentially until 2016. The continuity of the shares after the completion of these phases will be ensured through the establishment of mechanisms for generating revenue for the units, as the case of Protected Areas Fund – FAP, whose earnings will fund the maintenance of consolidation permanently. As a result, ten protected areas reached the basic level of boundary demarcation and resolution of land tenure issues:
- Antônio Mujica Nava/Serra dos Três Irmãos Ecological Station
- Xingu State Park
- Juruena National Park
- Serra do Divisor National Park
- Alto TarauacáExtractivist Reserve
- ArapixiExtractivist Reserve
- Rio UniniExtractivist Reserve
- Rio JutaíExtractivist Reserve
- Rio XinguExtractivist Reserve
- Niquiá Ecological Station
Two protected areas attained an advanced level of boundary demarcation and resolution of land tenure issues, making them eligible to receive resources from the Protected Areas Fund:
- Jarú Biological Reserve
- Cantão State Park
The operational plans for 2014-2015 were approved by the Program Committee and the planning of inputswas consolidated together with the protected areas concerned. Three workshops were also held in Brasília to prepare the Annual Operational Plan for 2014-2015, with one manager from each protected area supported by ARPA taking part. In 2014,the ARPA capacity building plan will be finished, as will the design and negotiation of a new long-term funding strategy called ARPA for Life. The new strategy will create a transition fund that will make decreasing investments while the government undertakes to gradually increase its investment in protected areas until it covers all the costs, over a period of 25 years. TheProtected Areas Fund, an endowment fund of which only the earnings will be used for fully legalized protected areas, will compose the transition fundin this new phase. The Protected Areas Fund ended 2013 with around 30.1 million dollars and 60.5 million reais.
Visit the Arpa website to find out more about the program (http://programaarpa.org.br/).