The subproject State of Conservation, Ecological Restoration, and Production Chain of Native Plant Species of Indigenous Interest in the Pantanal aims to evaluate the potential distribution, conservation, and restoration practices of plant species native to the Pantanal and of interest to the Kadiwéu indigenous community, such as Bulnesia sarmientoi (Palo santo) and other species of interest: acuma palm tree (Syagrus flexuosa (Mart.) Becc.), cedar (Cedrela fissilis Vell.), angelim (Vatairea macrocarpa (Benth.) Ducke), aroeira (Myracrodruon urundeuva (Engl.) Fr. All.), genipap (Genipa americana L.) and tingui (Magonia pubescens A.St.-Hil.), in addition to leveraging the productive chain of seedlings and seeds of these species.
To this end, the project intends, among other actions, to georeference and evaluate the population structure of the species of interest with a low number of individuals recorded for the Pantanal region and the Kadiwéu IL (cedar and palo santo); evaluate the degree of conservation of the population of the species of interest palo santo and cedar; experimentally evaluate the survival of seedlings of the species of interest, by collecting the seed bank and transplanting young seedlings in areas identified as suitable by the distribution model, with a main focus on palo santo; research and define collection, cultivation and planting methods of species of interest for restoration and sustainable use by the Kadiwéu indigenous community; train the indigenous population of the Kadiwéu IL in ecological restoration techniques, in collecting seeds and producing seedlings using the species of interest; assist in setting up a nursery in the Kadiwéu village.
The project’s actions will, thus, achieve the development of knowledge about the ecology and conservation of species of interest applied to the restoration of the Pantanal vegetation and the sustainable use of these species by the indigenous community, as well as boost the production chain of these species, promoting socioenvironmental benefits and indigenous production initiatives.